Weather & Climate
The climate of Ghana is tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and comparatively dry, the south-west corner of Ghana is hot and humid, and the north of Ghana is hot and dry. Ghana is located on the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of the Equator, giving it a warm climate
The climate of Ghana is tropical and there are two main seasons: the wet and the dry seasons. North Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to November while South Ghana experiences its rainy season from April to mid-November. The tropical climate of Ghana is relatively mild for its latitude. The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows in north-east Ghana from December to March, lowering the humidity and causing hot days and cool nights in northern part of Ghana. Average temperatures range from 21°C to 28°C (70 to 82°F) with a relative humidity between 77 percent and 85 percent. In the northern part of Ghana, there are two rainy seasons: April through June and September through November. Squalls occur in the northern part of Ghana during March and April, followed by occasional rain until August and September, when the rainfall reaches its peak. Rainfall ranges from 78 to 216 centimeters (31 to 85 inches) a year.
The Harmattan is a season in the West African subcontinent, which occurs between the end of November and the middle of March. It is characterized by dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind, of the same name, which blows from the Sahara Desert over West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea. The name comes from or is related to Ga harmattan. It is cold in most places, but can be hot in some places, according to the circumstances.
The Harmattan blows during the dry season, which occurs during the lowest-sun months, when the subtropical ridge of high pressure stays over the central Sahara Desert and when the low-pressure Inter tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) stays over the Gulf of Guinea. On its passage over the Sahara, it picks up fine dust and sand particles (between 0.5 and 10 microns).
What to Pack
Packing Tips for Traveling to Ghana
So, you’ve made your plans to travel to West Africa, congrats! You’re in for an epic journey! But, you may come to a moment in time when you start to freak out because you don’t know what to pack….What do people wear there? Should I bring tennis shoes? Will I be able to dance in flip-flops? How can I be fashionable?
Keep calm and read along and this list will save you from your troubles!
Yellow Fever Vaccination and Certification
Ghana is an endemic Yellow Fever zone. Proof of your vaccination is required for entry and exit, so you’ll want to have it with you in a safe but easily accessible place in your carry-on bag. Schedule your appointment to receive the Yellow Fever vaccine as far in advance of your departure date as possible, and put your certification card at the top of your packing list.
It is very important to bring your pills. You are required to take them a few days before you arrive and a few days after.
BUG SPRAY AND SUN SCREEN.
All your friends and family are probably warning you not to go to West Africa because they think you will get Malaria and die. Although these people usually aren’t too knowledgeable about what they’re talking about, the last thing you want to do is prove them right. Get some strong insect repellent with a high percentage of DEET.
A lot of the food served in West Africa is local and delicious, but not always so nutritious. Eating with your hands can be fun, but so is being healthy! We recommend bringing some multivitamins to stay healthy.
Anti-Diarrheal Medication and Oral Rehydration Solution
Unfortunately, and as with any international travel, the chance of coming down with an unpleasant digestive illness is fairly high. Drink only bottled water, be wary of your meal choices and how they’re cooked, and pack a diarrhea kit and oral rehydration solution to ease any uncomfortable symptoms you might experience from digesting contaminated food or water while visiting Ghana.
Debit card (cash)
So much of the commercial transactions—hotels, cabs, public transportation by tro-tros (mini vans), markets, stores in Ghana are cash-based and prices are often negotiable. (Be ready to apply some good haggling skills!) So, it’s a good idea to bring your debit card and make a few withdrawals at reputable European/UK/International banks in the larger cities to get the Ghana Cedi currency. In case you are bringing US dollars make sure you bring big notes of 100 and 50 because they get better exchange rates.
Protecting the money you carry is important in Ghana. Sometimes with an increase in credit card fraud as well as the limited use of credit cards, cash is king. Limit the amount of money you carry on your person and carry your money in your money belt to keep it safe.
Make sure your CLOTHES are lite because it is VERY VERY HOT in West Africa. You will be sweating throughout the day, bring the appropriate kind of clothes. Crystal LITE may be another great thing to add, as it is refreshing on a hot humid day (which is basically every day). Ghana weather is hot and humid! We recommend light, breathable and modest clothing, including shorts (not too short), capris, light blouses and t-shirts, and maybe a light long-sleeved cardigan for the evenings. And don’t forget a bathing suit if you’re traveling to the coast.
Outlet converters/ Adapter
Ghana mostly has the three-pronged, UK style outlets, so bring an adapter. The outlet adaptor you will need has three pegs and is triangular shaped. You can find them at your local travel/luggage store, or they are called Grounded BS-1363.
You will notice that, there really aren’t many situations that dancing is not acceptable. On a walk, at work, at a restaurant, on the beach, it doesn’t matter! People will encourage you to dance as well and you have to make sure you have the right shoes for it! Don’t worry if you have no moves, you’ll be for trying anyways!
Good walking shoes/sandals
Bring good walking shoes especially when going to Kakum National Park and hiked there. We recommend bringing flip-flops too because in most Ghanaian homes, it is polite to remove your outside shoes when entering and also, they are good for showers.
A good daypack that can hold the essentials is a great idea.
Take your iPad, which had a few digital books on it and can be useful when there is Internet. Most hotels will have Wi-Fi, but if you’re staying in someone’s home, don’t expect it. You may also buy a little WiFi router, which worked quite well for iPad and iPhones.
AND OTHER TIPS YOU DON’T WANT TO FORGET… Patience
This thing you won’t want to leave behind. If you do, you’re just going to be miserable….. In West Africa, many things take time, like……a freakishly unreasonably large amount of time. Don’t try to rationalize it; you will drive yourself crazy.
An open mind and great attitude about schedules
Ghanaians are very nice and hospitable people you could ever meet. They are always willing to help out a traveler and are very giving. Just don’t expect them to have the western style adherence to time. If someone says they’ll meet you at a particular time, don’t panic when they don’t arrive more than a half hour later. Learn to expect it.
A warm heart
From the capital of Accra, to the breathtaking national parks in the Ashanti region, to a community united by ethnic music and dance, Ghana offers visitors inspiring travel and cultural experiences as unique as its people.